Vol 9, No 1 (2024)





Table of Contents

Research Articles

by Rogelio A. Murro, John G. Lobo, April Rose C. Inso, Jason V. Chavez
712 Views, 289 PDF Downloads
A significant role was played by the parents of the students, who had to become homeschoolers within a few days without prior training upon the suspension of face-to-face education. This study investigated the difficulties of Filipino parents (n = 90) with low educational attainment in assisting their children in modular distance learning. In-depth analysis and survey were employed as research instruments to extract responses on the difficulties of parents with low educational attainment and how government should aid them during a global crisis. The study was conducted in Zamboanga City, Philippines from July 2022 to December 2022. Parents struggled to explain, elaborate, and understand the lessons in the self-learning modules. Simulated teacher roles were another difficulty where parents were clueless on facilitating homeschooling and addressing learners’ needs. Gender roles difficulties were prominent where women assume that homeschooling responsibilities added to their roles in child and home care. Most of the families belong to low-income households and experienced economic difficulties on added expenses incurred in assisting their children in implementing modular distance learning. Results dictated that the government could support the parents by equipping them to be effective collaborative partners in the new modality through developing skillset on learner’s management, strategies on administering learning modules, remote instructional support to bridge the gap in learning and intensify programs venturing in livelihood and entrepreneurial opportunities. This study is vital to map out the difficulties of parents with low educational attainment in modular distance learning. It initiates responses by providing them concrete homeschooling manuals, module guides, training, and programs, establishing effective partners in the collaborative process of continuous learning at home.

Research Articles

by Paolo Raile
368 Views, 125 PDF Downloads

A case study is used to illustrate the treatment of a patient with eco-anxiety in a psychodramatic session. The subject is a 26-year-old male, suffering from a severe form of eco-anxiety. Through psychodrama, patients can better understand themselves and repressed psychological content, learn, and find new creative ways to cope with eco-anxiety. The case study shows that psychodrama helps to view anxiety in an externalized subject in a more detached way, to gain new insights into how to deal with it. Psychodrama improved the patient’s quality of life and helped him to cope in everyday life again.


Research Articles

by Fangfang Liu, Anees Janee bin Ali, Qaisar Iqbal
478 Views, 149 PDF Downloads

Sketching on psychological ownership-attitude-behavior theory, the present study examines the effect of destination psychological ownership on Generation Z’s tourist environmental attitude, which in turn influences their sustainable behavior. This study also investigates the conditional impact of environmental awareness on the ecological attitude sustainable behavior relationship. Using a purposive sampling approach, the authors collected data from inbound Generation Z tourists in the UK and China through a survey. The findings concluded with a significant positive impact of destination psychological ownership on Generation Z’s environmental attitude. The current evidence also supports the positive effect of ecological attitude on Generation Z’s sustainable behavior. The present work offered robust evidence that environmental awareness moderates the environmental attitude-sustainable behavior relationship in Generation Z. Concerning UK and Chinese cultural differences, the findings concluded with variations among their Generation Z tourist destination psychological ownership, ecological attitude and sustainable practices. Implications and limitations have also been elaborated on at the end.


Research Articles

by Lochan Sharma, Priyanka Agarwal, Bhavesh P. Joshi, Nitendra Kumar, Sadhana Tiwari
510 Views, 227 PDF Downloads

This study focuses on the association of inclusive leadership on innovation and execution of the idea of diversity at the workplace, moreover, this research also assesses the contribution of diversity in the innovative work culture in the banking industry in the national capital region. A conceptual model was designed to assess the association of inclusive leadership on innovation and the idea of diversity and to test the conceptual model, the researcher utilized multi-wave and multi-source data acquired from 5 enterprises 40 respondents each. Inclusionary leadership has a strong good impact on diverse work cultures and innovation, according to the findings. Additionally, diversity was shown to be favorably associated with innovation in the workplace. The researcher has used various scales for Inclusive leadership, diversity at the workplace, and innovative culture. To show the association and impact of factors, confirmatory factor analysis and regression have been used by the researcher.


Research Articles

by Yue Gong, Yan-Ping Guo, Shan-Shan Zhai, Philip Pong Weng Wong, Lei Wang
501 Views, 117 PDF Downloads

Tourists who dispose of their trash properly can reduce the environmental problems caused by careless disposal and improve the effectiveness of recycling reusable things, both of which are essential for the pro-environmental growth of tourist attractions. Therefore, it is critical to classify waste in tourist areas so that travelers can practice pro-environmental activity. Few studies, however, have looked on how tourists feel about adopting classified trash cans in tourist destinations. This study examines the relationship between four types of value (altruistic value, biospheric value, collectivistic value, hedonic value), ecological worldview, three types of images (cognitive image, affective image, overall image) and intention to use classified garbage cans. A total of 407 respondents were collected in Taiyuan Ancient County Town via an online survey. Tests of the proposed hypotheses were conducted using SPSS and AMOS, and results showed that altruistic value, biospheric value and collectivistic value positively influenced ecological worldview, and subsequently, influenced cognitive image and affective image respectively. Affective image influenced overall image, while cognitive image has a significant influence on affective image and on overall image. In addition, hedonic value positively influenced cognitive image, and overall image positively influenced intention to use classified garbage cans. Finally, the theoretical, practical implications and limitations were discussed accordingly.


Research Articles

by Lei Wang, Hao-Xiang Jia, Su-Juan Cheng, Philip Pong Weng Wong
259 Views, 102 PDF Downloads

Medical tourism is becoming an increasingly important component of the international tourism industry, and Chinese medical tourists make up a big percentage of this growing tourism market segment. Most previous studies on Chinese medical tourism have focused on Chinese outbound medical tourism, but there has little research undertaken as yet, on foreign tourists’ perception towards traditional Chinese medical tourism. Specifically, most of the previous studies utilized the measurement scale of destination image in medical tourism research, resulting in a limited representation of the nature of medical tourism. This study aims to examine the relationship between attitude, subjective norm (SN), perceived behavioural control (PBC), familiarity, perceived ease of visa application (PEVA) and intention toward traditional Chinese medical tourism. A quantitative approach was used, adopting a survey methodology involving 344 foreigners which was followed by subsequent empirical testing of the postulated hypotheses. The results suggested that attitude, PBC, familiarity and PEVA positively influence intention. PEVA positively influences attitude, PBC and intention respectively. Results also demonstrated that familiarity influenced attitude and PBC, and SN positively influenced familiarity. This study expands the existing knowledge on how PEVA and familiarity influenced visitation in medical tourism literature which can benefit key stakeholders in the tourism industry.


Research Articles

by Ziqing Liu, Wei Xu
222 Views, 151 PDF Downloads

The purpose of this study is to examine the role that social interaction plays in informal learning environments on the part of students, it provides implications for understanding student experiences in informal learning spaces and for policymakers to incorporate more opportunities for social interaction in informal learning spaces. The PRISMA statement was followed when conducting a systematic search of Scopus and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases to identify relevant studies published within the past decade. Search strategies for informal learning spaces and social interactions included a combination of keywords and controlled vocabulary. On the basis of predefined inclusion criteria, twelve studies were selected for analysis, including articles published in English and Chinese, scientific articles published in peer-reviewed journals, and studies that examined student experiences in informal learning spaces and social interaction. Among the findings of this study are a description of informal learning spaces, a conceptualization of social interaction, as well as the positive impact of social interaction on student learning and engagement. Based on the results of the study, educators and policymakers need to create environments that foster social interactions that are inclusive and engaging. The study identifies gaps in the literature and suggests directions for future research, including the exploration of a broader range of informal learning spaces and the investigation of specific design elements that optimize student experiences.


Research Articles

by Adisak Suvittawat
192 Views, 114 PDF Downloads

Consumer spending fell drastically during the crisis of COVID-19 spreading. Fear of social distancing practices and outright closures for many industries led to a reduction of overtime, and unemployment and resulted in less income but higher prices. Consumer spending is the total money spent on foods and services by individuals for personal use and enjoyment. The research objective was to explore the variables of consumer adjustment in spending habits and saving patterns due to the COVID-19 crisis and to find out the associated consumer behavior patterns in the Nakhon Ratchasima Province of Thailand. The research design is quantitative method by using questionnaire as a tool. The four hundred participants provided valuable insights in consumer spending patterns. The research finding are the consumers in our research strongly agreed on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the economy and consumer spending. Consumer goods were still purchased as usual but some time at a lower volume but certainly at lower quality. Hording reminded them of war time situations. The government relief program has positive effect on consumer spending by cost-of-living reduction. The only way out for low-income earners was an adjustment in spending. Due to crisis, consumers managed expenses by spending as needed.


Research Articles

by Rocio Garcia-Peinado
608 Views, 347 PDF Downloads

This research article examines the crucial role of a healthy classroom climate in the social-emotional development of students during childhood. A positive classroom climate has been associated with several positive outcomes, including increased academic success, development of intrapersonal skills, and improvement in the quality of interpersonal relationships. The main objective is to explore the impact of the classroom climate on the comprehensive development of children. The study employs a qualitative approach, using multiple case studies to collect rich and detailed data. Data analysis is carried out using computer-aided qualitative data analysis (CAQDAS) software, specifically the ATLAS program, to generate categories that allow for in-depth analysis. The findings underscore the importance of considering the classroom climate as a key factor in promoting general well-being and positive social-emotional outcomes among young learners, and the importance of creating a nurturing and supportive classroom environment to foster optimal emotional development in children.


Research Articles

by Biao Gao, Huiqin Xie, Yiming Wang, Zhanglin Xie
285 Views, 210 PDF Downloads

Design psychology and environmental and social psychology are two independent yet interconnected fields. This paper aims to integrate these fields and explore their application in user interface/user experience (UI/UX) design for metaverse social games. The principles of design psychology help understand users’ cognitive and emotional needs, enabling the creation of user-friendly interfaces and interaction designs. On the other hand, principles of environmental and social psychology provide insights into how environmental and social factors influence user behavior and psychological states. Building upon the importance and application of design psychology principles in UI/UX design, we delve into the specific environmental and social psychology factors that impact UI/UX design in metaverse social games. As a virtual global social platform, the metaverse necessitates designers to consider users’ social needs, identity expression, and personal interactions, in order to create an immersive and authentic virtual social experience. Through an in-depth analysis of Zuckerberg’s “Horizon Worlds” and its UI/UX design, we explore the comprehensive application of design psychology and environmental and social psychology principles in metaverse social games. We examine aspects such as usability, personalization, social interaction, and emotional connection in UI/UX design and discuss how visual elements, sound effects, and interactive feedback can facilitate the establishment of emotional connections and social networks within the virtual world. This research aims to provide designers with deeper insights and guidance in creating metaverse social game interfaces that align with user needs and societal adaptability. It will further expand the theoretical foundation of UI/UX design for metaverse social games and serve as a case study and reference for empirical research on the application of environmental and social psychology in game interface design.


Research Articles

by Pablo Herranz-Hernández, José Luis Fernández-Hernández, Laura Segovia-Torres
119 Views, 90 PDF Downloads

In this paper, after examining several studies that link emotional competencies with classroom climate, we proceed to review several studies that highlight the role of metaphors in this regard. First, metaphors and their relationship with an inclusive classroom climate that favors emotional well-being are reviewed, followed by embodied metaphors. Finally, the implications of the use of metaphor as an educational tool to promote an inclusive and emotionally positive classroom climate are discussed, both in teacher training and with regard to students.


Research Articles

by Manju Shree Pradhan, Vichayanan Rattanawiboonsom, Fuangfa Panya
182 Views, 60 PDF Downloads

Amidst the rapid changes of this era, time constraints act as impediments to employees’ skill acquisition. However, a promising solution emerges in the form of informal workplace learning (IWL). Despite its potential, the precise impact of IWL on employability and competency development has remained an enigma. To unravel this, the present study draws upon the insights of the social learning theory. It delves deep into the impact of IWL on employability, incorporating competency development as a mediating element. The research also examines the potential moderating roles of learning goal orientation (LGO) and self-directed learning orientation (SDLO) in the IWL-competency development relationship. Leveraging data from 512 banking sector participants, the study employs a rigorous deductive design, administering a structured questionnaire through stratified random sampling. Analytical rigor is upheld via Confirmatory Factor Analysis, revealing squared multiple correlations (0.331 to 0.94) and affirming the CFA model’s validity and reliability through indices like average variance extracted (AVE) and composite reliability (CR). The hypotheses are subsequently evaluated through structural equation modelling (SEM). Findings reveal a substantial impact of IWL on employability (β = 0.13), with competency development effectively mediating this relationship (β = 0.30). While the anticipated moderating roles of LGO and SDLO do not manifest, this research furnishes valuable insights for organizations aiming to bolster their workforce’s proficiency and employability via IWL. The study contributes to the discourse on learning strategies amidst the contemporary professional landscape, urging organizations to harness the potential of IWL to foster adaptability and growth.


Research Articles

by Mengmeng Ren, Wei Fan, Yiping Zhong
103 Views, 84 PDF Downloads

In our rapidly evolving world, propelled by technological advancements and societal progress, the pace of life has accelerated significantly. However, this relentless pursuit of speed has also given birth to pressing ecological challenges, with waste accumulation being a conspicuous concern. Despite concerted efforts to promote waste classification practices through policies and initiatives, the adoption of such behavior remains disappointingly limited. Consequently, the exploration of waste classification behavior has garnered attention in the field of environmental psychology. This paper synthesizes years of domestic and international research to comprehensively review the current state, definition, influencing factors, and potential benefits of waste classification behavior. By adopting a multidimensional approach, it aims to unveil the role of psychology in shaping such behavior, while also addressing the persisting ecological dilemmas that continue to confound contemporary efforts.


Research Articles

by Theresa Obuobisa-Darko, Ophelia Delali Dogbe-Zungbey, Frederick Frimpong, Evans Sokro
158 Views, 103 PDF Downloads

Although emotional intelligence has been linked to employee engagement in the private sector, there is very little research regarding public sector employees. This study explores how emotional intelligence influences work engagement with work-related psychological impact acting as a moderator. The study adopts the cognitive–motivational–relational theory of emotions, which has a minimal research focus in developing countries. Using stratified random sampling, a self-designed questionnaire and interviews, data was gathered from public servants and analysed. The results showed that Emotional Intelligence (emotional management, emotional evaluation and emotional control) positively influences work engagement. Also, emotional management had the highest (positive) impact on work engagement among the three variables. Additionally, it was discovered that the psychological needs at the workplace negatively moderated emotions having positive effect on work engagement. Therefore, employees are encouraged to utilise their emotions to positively influence work engagement and reduce work-related psychological issues and reduce its negative effect on work engagement. Further, work-related psychological impact moderated the relationship between emotional intelligence and work engagement in this study. Theoretically, the use of the cognitive–motivational–relational in developing countries with regard to public sector frontline employees during and after the COVID-19 pandemic is unique.


Research Articles

by Jason V. Chavez, Collin C. Ceneciro
342 Views, 146 PDF Downloads

Religious beliefs and systems have a profound impact on shaping individuals' attitudes towards same-sex relationships. There is a diverse range of perspectives within religious communities, with some individuals adhering to traditional teachings that condemn homosexuality, while others engage in a process of reinterpretation to support and accept same-sex relationships. This qualitative study aims to analyze the different perspectives about same-sex relationship from the lenses of religious and social belief systems. Purposive sampling was used to select the participants (n=16) who identify themselves as a member of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer (LGBTQ) community (n=5) and religious people (n=11). Findings indicated the complexity of religious influence on social issues and emphasizes the role of individual engagement with faith in either hindering or facilitating acceptance to same-sex relationship. People who are inclined to their religious faith tend to condemn same-sex relationship. Notably, this study observed different interpretations of people about their religion and faith. While others believed it is against God’s will to engage in same-sex relationship, others interpret their belief in more holistic and inclusive way. Nevertheless, this study underscored the importance of understanding the evolving societal attitudes and the role of religion in fostering social discussion, tolerance, and inclusivity within diverse religious communities and society at large.


Research Articles

by Tasnim Sohrab, Fazli Idris, Noorasiah Sulaiman
137 Views, 77 PDF Downloads

The importance of financial inclusion (FI) for women’s empowerment (WE) has been demonstrated in recent studies. However, it still needs to be determined how FI might assist women in gaining power. The purpose of this research is to learn how financial institutions (FIs) interact with women’s empowerment through agent banking (AB) (WEs). Using a quantitative research design—The study includes 408 women residing in rural Bangladesh. As demonstrated, agent banking moderates the favorable effect of financial inclusion on economic and social empowerment, suggesting that this effect is indirect. These results suggest that financial inclusion strengthens women’s power when financial institutions prioritize the development of agent banking. Despite the importance of expanding access to banking services, more is needed to increase women’s empowerment if institutions adopt agent banking practices.


Research Articles

by Alharthi Saleh Ahmad, Suresh Ramakrishnan, Adnan Ali, Hafiz Waqas Kamran, Hamid Ghazi H Sulimany
232 Views, 61 PDF Downloads

This study examines the behavioral factors like heuristics, prospect factors, emotions, and social interaction on the investment performance of the listed firms in Saudi Arabia. Furthermore, the association between behavioral factors and investment performance is investigated through the mediating role of fundamental anomalies. For data collection, the questionnaire technique was applied by utilizing the items from existing literature linked with the variables of interest. Furthermore, data were empirically examined through descriptive statistics, demographic analysis, and a two-step (measurement model and structural model) approach using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) and Smart (partial least squares) PLS. Under the measurement model, the study items’ reliability, validity, and internal consistency were investigated. The study findings through the measurement model confirm the reliability and validity of the latent constructs as measured through selected items. On the other side, the structural model affirms a significant and positive impact of emotions, heuristics, and social interaction on investment performance in the Saudi Stock Exchange. Moreover, fundamental anomalies significantly mediate the relationships between heuristics factors and investment performance, emotions and investment performance, and social interactions and investment performance. Conclusively, the empirical findings would greatly support various stakeholders, including existing and proposed investors, financial analysts, stockbrokers, and governmental policymakers interested in judging the role of behavioral factors and market anomalies toward investment performance in Saudi Arabia.


Research Articles

by Jocelyn P. Remoto
957 Views, 423 PDF Downloads

Mathematics utilizes symbolic language, logics, relationships, and numerical connections that made it challenging for students to learn and develop their computational skills. Recently, artificial intelligence emerged as a supplement tool for education and learning because of its ability to detect relationships and logics. Academic institutions are looking on how to implement AI-assisted learning specifically for mathematics to aid in increasing the quantitative competence of students. This study analyzed the relief and limitations of AI chat models in learning among mathematics-oriented students in higher education. Fifteen students participated in this study from mathematics-oriented courses e.g., engineering, statistics, and education. Interviews were conducted on how students used AI chat models to assist in learning mathematical concepts and methods. Narratives indicated that AI chat models like ChatGPT and Bard were capable of accurately responding to chat prompts in problem solving, proving, and explanations. It was prominent that these AI models understood the mathematical language and use of symbols for integration, derivatives, limit, fractions, exponentials, and intervals. At some instances, AI models could give inaccurate results or incorrect methods for solving; they also sometimes give correct answers on second run of chat prompts after these mistakes. These results had promising implications in education as these accessible AI models could reinforce the firsthand learning of mathematical foundations. This preliminary study offered important usability of AI models in mathematics in assisting students and monitoring their learning progress.


Research Articles

by Sangeetha Narayanasami, Michael Sammanasu Joseph, Satyanarayana Parayitam
383 Views, 243 PDF Downloads

This study aims to empirically examine the effect of Big-Five personality traits on employee engagement. A carefully crafted survey instrument was developed, and data were collected from 486 employees working in the banking sector in southern India. After checking the instrument’s measurement properties, data was analyzed using covariance-based structural equation modeling by the Smart-PLS (partial least squares). The results indicate (i) extraversion and agreeableness were positively related to vigor, (ii) conscientiousness is positively related to dedication and absorption, (iii) neuroticism is negatively related to dedication, and (iv) openness to experience is positively related to vigor and absorption. Contrary to what was hypothesized, the results suggest that (i) extraversion is negatively related to absorption, (ii) agreeableness is negatively related to dedication, (iii) neuroticism is positively related to vigor, and (iv) openness to experience is negatively related to dedication. This research demonstrates that all five dimensions of personality characteristics have different impacts on employee engagement. This research advances the bourgeoning literature on personality and employee engagement. Implications for theory and practice are discussed.


Research Articles

by Ah Yusuf, Roro Dian Tristiana, Ronal Surya Aditya, Fitriana Kurniasari Solikhah, Siti Kotijah, Daifallah M. Al Razeeni, Ebtesam M. Alkhaledi
184 Views, 34 PDF Downloads

Backgound: During a pandemic, it is difficult for caregivers to provide support for mental disorders in the form of care for daily tasks because of the rules for keeping distance and complete PPE (personal protective equipment). This is what makes caregivers experience caring for patients with mental disorders during a pandemic many challenges and new things that must be known. Objective: Caregivers of persons with treating mental illness in Indonesia who were affected by the COVID-19 outbreak and lockdown are the focus of this research. Methods: Twenty-five people participated in using Colaizzi’s method of phenomenology research design. NVivo12 examined data from in-depth interviews and field notes, which were gathered by purposive sampling (QSR International). Results: Stress and work overload, health worsening physical fatigue, family legacy, care for the whole person, as a means of coping, communication has become more difficult. Conclusion: As a result, we discovered something new about the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health caregivers. Caregivers of people with mental illness face difficulties in caring for patients during a pandemic, so it is important to pay attention to caregivers by making policies related to this.


Research Articles

by Ricardo Danilo E. Corteza
68 Views, 24 PDF Downloads

The paper aims to describe and analyze what models and methods of managerial control physical education departments of higher education institutions in Zamboanga City commonly adopt. It also sought to determine how department heads in tertiary physical education enforce managerial control policies. As one of the descriptive-qualitative research methods, the phenomenology pattern was used in the research. There were the four P.E. service department heads, two faculty members (one senior and one junior faculty), and the college/department secretary who participated in the study. Findings showed that P.E. department heads in both public and private higher education institutions (HEIs)in Zamboanga City not specifically adopt certain managerial control models and methods for their management practices. Instead, they relied on the existing management practices especially with the managerial control system of their respective universities or colleges. Department heads enforced managerial control techniques that were pragmatic, intuitive, and reactionary. To thrive and be successful in the management, P.E. department heads must engage in acquiring knowledge of managerial control principles, concepts, and models. The P.E. department heads should be able to determine and use appropriate management control strategies that can be programmed, pre-determined, and applied to situations, highlighting a systematic management control system.


Research Articles

by Jason V. Chavez, Atty. Marti W. Gregorio, Aracelie L. Araneta, Cristie D. Bihag
239 Views, 90 PDF Downloads

This health crisis caused unimaginable impacts and changes to the labor force and organizations pushing many policies and laws in the edge such as the Philippines’ magna carta of women. Inequalities at work, dimming employee benefits, and relentless working hours for women in the workplace are happening in third-world countries. This research project examines the awareness and compliance of companies and organizations in the lens of the health workers, teachers, and minimum-wage earners relative to the magna carta of women in the workplace. This study extracts corroborative proof from 202 women respondents coming from public and private organizations or companies through the magna carta of women-based survey on awareness and organizational compliance according to the workforce. The findings reveal that there should be more emphasis on women in the lowest income bracket and women who did not finish college. Furthermore, there is an opportunity for concerned organizations to educate the employees that not implementing these rights are forms of neglect of duty on the part of the employer. The results of the study unearth important information on what are the prevalent compliance mishaps of the organizations and how it can place working women in peril.


Research Articles

by Faraz Faraz, Juneman Abraham, Fuad Nashori, Hariz Enggar Wijaya, Nanum Sofia, Muhammad Dhia Rafid Rabbani, Angela Dyah Ari Pramastyaningtyas, Antonina Pantja Juni Wulandari
157 Views, 62 PDF Downloads

This study aims to determine the predictive power of risk perception and anticipated regret on health behavior under uncertainty in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The research was conducted utilizing a predictive-correlational design and survey method to 224 Indonesian (156 women, 68 men; Mage = 37 years old). Multiple linear regression analysis demonstrated that risk perception has greater weight than anticipated regret in predicting health behavior. Additionally, mediation analysis showed that risk perception can partially mediate the prediction relationship between anticipated regret and health behavior.


Research Articles

by Eucidio Pimenta Arruda
85 Views, 41 PDF Downloads

This study aims at presenting data and analyzing the technological training of university professors in Education, which are professors’ mandatory education teachers. Our aim here is to demonstrate and evaluate the curricular structures of training programs for Brazilian university professors primarily based on digital skills and their connection to educational policies to encourage the incorporation of digital technologies in mandatory education. Data were collected from Brazilian public PhD programs in Education higher education and extensive documentary research was performed. The results demonstrated that technological training in the investigated PhD programs in Education is incipient, both in terms of specific training (subjects or topic-oriented) and general training involving knowledge of digital technologies.


Research Articles

by Mehak Kapoor, Harpreet Singh
156 Views, 54 PDF Downloads
Information is indispensable for the sustainability and growth of every type of business. Farmers are also among those who cannot survive without the proper acquisition and application of Information. However, very few studies have considered the farmer’s need for and the seeking of information which is why to fill this gap, the study looked into the information sources used by farm growers to get the required information, the influence of land size on the utilization of information sources, and how different characteristics related to sources and individuals influence attitude toward the usage of internet sources and provided a model that takes into consideration crucial factors and their influence on attitude toward searching for information from Internet sources. Data were acquired from 400 farmers using a multistage stratified disproportionate sampling procedure and a standardized questionnaire. For evaluating the given data, various analysis techniques were utilized such as Descriptive statistics, Correlation analysis, One-way ANOVA, Factor analysis, and Multiple regression Analysis. The data were evaluated by using SPSS version 25. Farmers, according to the findings, mostly rely on other farmers and input dealers, and mass media sources of information like radio, television, magazines, and newspapers, to acquire information associated with agricultural activities. They commonly utilize mobile social media apps when surfing the internet. Furthermore, the findings discovered that there is a significant difference in the usage of various sources of information, including television, radio, newspapers/magazines, other farmers, input dealers, Krishi Vigyan Kendras, Krishi melas, the state department of agriculture, state agriculture universities, and the Internet on mobile phones-social media applications, depending on the farmers’ farm size. The findings also revealed that the factors that were significantly positively associated with farmers’ attitudes about internet use were, perceived usefulness, ease of use, information quality, facilitating conditions, and social influence. The technology Acceptance Model was used as the foundation for the research framework. By examining past research, the study has discovered additional factors that may influence technology adoption in addition to the two main components of the Technology Acceptance Model, namely perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use. The proposed model may assist information providers in their attempts to lessen and overcome barriers to farmers’ usage of technology. When building effective extension and dissemination programs, the preferred information-gathering modalities of a certain group of farmers should be considered. Intervention techniques must take into account the wide range of information that needs to be seen in farming communities. As a result, information providers must provide context-specific information through the sources that farmers prefer, while also considering the factors that influence their adoption and overcoming those barriers that prohibit farmers from using such sources. The study categorized farmers into four categories based on land size, which would assist information providers in acquiring a thorough grasp of each category of farmer and in developing separate and unique strategies for each type of farmer.