Open Journal Systems

Embracing green HRM: Propelling organizational sustainability forward

Saloni Devi, Babita Yadav, Divya Goel, Sukhmeet Kaur, Sanjay Bhoyar

Article ID: 2202
Vol 9, Issue 4, 2024, Article identifier:

VIEWS - 187 (Abstract) 148 (PDF)


The most crucial resource for any corporation to succeed in the competitive business environment of today is its human capital. The additional responsibility of incorporating green HR ideals into the company’s mission statement along with HR strategies has been assigned to modern HR leaders as a means of accomplishing sustainable environmental goals. In today’s business world, the phrase “green human resource management” (GHRM) has gained popularity, and its significance is expanding in a variety of ways. For obtaining organizational sustainability, the field of “green human resource management” (GHRM) is special since it focuses on energizing eco-friendly implementation and dynamic green transformation. This research aims to ascertain how GHRM affects organizational sustainability. The total 236 staff members of University of Jammu’s staff in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir provided the information. In the study, an AMOS-based structural equation modelling (SEM) strategy was used. Additionally, the fit and validity of the model were assessed using CFA. Further, the outcomes of SEM demonstrated that GHRM and organizational sustainability are directly related. The article thus suggests a few potentially innovative HR benefits for environmentally conscious firms. Human resources also have a significant chance to support the organization’s environmental mission and is crucial in motivating, empowering, and inspiring staff to adopt enticing green business practices.


green HRM; organizations; sustainability; public sector; environmental concerns

Full Text:



1. Abbas J, Khan SM. Green knowledge management and organizational green culture: an interaction for organizational green innovation and green performance. Journal of Knowledge Management. 2022, 27(7): 1852–1870. doi: 10.1108/jkm-03-2022-0156

2. Afsar B, Cheema S, Javed F. Activating employee’s pro‐environmental behaviors: The role of CSR, organizational identification, and environmentally specific servant leadership. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management. 2018, 25(5): 904–911. doi: 10.1002/csr.1506

3. Aggarwal P, Agarwala T. Relationship of green human resource management with environmental performance: mediating effect of green organizational culture. Benchmarking: An International Journal. 2022, 30(7): 2351–2376. doi: 10.1108/bij-08-2021-0474

4. Ambec S, Lanoie P. Does It Pay to Be Green? A Systematic Overview. Academy of Management Perspectives. 2008, 22(4): 45–62. doi: 10.5465/amp.2008.35590353

5. Arulrajah AA, Opatha HHDNP, Nawaratne NNJ. Green human resource management practices: a review. Sri Lankan Journal of Human Resource Management. 2016, 5(1): 1. doi: 10.4038/sljhrm.v5i1.5624

6. Bhatti SH, Hussain M, Santoro G, et al. The impact of organizational ostracism on knowledge hiding: analysing the sequential mediating role of efficacy needs and psychological distress. Journal of Knowledge Management. 2022, 27(2): 485–505. doi: 10.1108/jkm-03-2021-0223.

7. Chaudhary R. Green Human Resource Management and Employee Green Behavior: An Empirical Analysis. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management. 2019, 27(2): 630–641. doi: 10.1002/csr.1827

8. Dezi L, Ferraris A, Papa A, et al. The Role of External Embeddedness and Knowledge Management as Antecedents of Ambidexterity and Performances in Italian SMEs. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management. 2021, 68(2): 360–369. doi: 10.1109/tem.2019.2916378

9. Dumont J, Shen J, Deng X. Effects of Green HRM Practices on Employee Workplace Green Behavior: The Role of Psychological Green Climate and Employee Green Values. Human Resource Management. 2016, 56(4): 613–627. doi: 10.1002/hrm.21792

10. Fawehinmi O, Yusliza MY, Wan Kasim WZ, et al. Exploring the Interplay of Green Human Resource Management, Employee Green Behavior, and Personal Moral Norms. SAGE Open. 2020, 10(4): 215824402098229. doi: 10.1177/2158244020982292

11. Gope M, Masto RE, George J, et al. Tracing source, distribution and health risk of potentially harmful elements (PHEs) in street dust of Durgapur, India. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 2018, 154: 280–293. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.02.042

12. Gupta S, Kumar V. Sustainability as corporate culture of a brand for superior performance. Journal of World Business. 2013, 48(3): 311–320. doi: 10.1016/j.jwb.2012.07.015

13. Islam MS, Ferdous MostZ, Potenza MN. Panic and generalized anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic among Bangladeshi people: An online pilot survey early in the outbreak. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2020, 276: 30–37. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.049

14. Islam T, Hussain D, Ahmed I, et al. Ethical leadership and environment specific discretionary behaviour: The mediating role of green human resource management and moderating role of individual green values. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences/Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l’Administration. 2021, 38(4): 442–459. doi: 10.1002/cjas.1637

15. Jabbour CJC, Santos FCA. Relationships between human resource dimensions and environmental management in companies: proposal of a model. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2008, 16(1): 51–58. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2006.07.025

16. Jabbour CJC, de Sousa Jabbour ABL. Green Human Resource Management and Green Supply Chain Management: linking two emerging agendas. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2016, 112: 1824–1833. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.01.052

17. Jackson SE, Renwick DWS, Jabbour CJC, et al. State-of-the-Art and Future Directions for Green Human Resource Management: Introduction to the Special Issue. German Journal of Human Resource Management: Zeitschrift für Personalforschung. 2011, 25(2): 99–116. doi: 10.1177/239700221102500203

18. Kassinis G, Vafeas N. Stakeholder Pressures and Environmental Performance. Academy of Management Journal. 2006, 49(1): 145–159. doi: 10.5465/amj.2006.20785799

19. Khandekar A, Sharma A. Managing human resource capabilities for sustainable competitive advantage. Matlay H, ed. Education + Training. 2005, 47(8/9): 628–639. doi: 10.1108/00400910510633161

20. Kramar R. Beyond strategic human resource management: is sustainable human resource management the next approach? The International Journal of Human Resource Management. 2013, 25(8): 1069–1089. doi: 10.1080/09585192.2013.816863

21. Lee S, Klassen RD. Drivers and Enablers That Foster Environmental Management Capabilities in Small- and Medium-Sized Suppliers in Supply Chains. Production and Operations Management. 2008, 17(6): 573–586. doi: 10.3401/poms.1080.0063

22. Lin YH, Chen YS. Determinants of green competitive advantage: the roles of green knowledge sharing, green dynamic capabilities, and green service innovation. Quality & Quantity. 2016, 51(4): 1663–1685. doi: 10.1007/s11135-016-0358-6

23. Lopes CM, Scavarda A, Hofmeister LF, et al. An analysis of the interplay between organizational sustainability, knowledge management, and open innovation. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2017, 142: 476–488. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.10.083

24. Madsen H, Ulhøi JP. Integrating environmental and stakeholder management. Business Strategy and the Environment. 2001, 10(2): 77–88. doi: 10.1002/bse.279

25. Malik SY, Cao Y, Mughal YH, et al. Pathways towards Sustainability in Organizations: Empirical Evidence on the Role of Green Human Resource Management Practices and Green Intellectual Capital. Sustainability. 2020, 12(8): 3228. doi: 10.3390/su12083228

26. Mandip G. Green HRM: People management commitment to environmental sustainability. Research Journal of Recent Sciences. 2012, 1(2011): 244–252.

27. Mishra RK, Sarkar S, Kiranmai J. Green HRM: innovative approach in Indian public enterprises. World Review of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development. 2014, 11(1): 26. doi: 10.1504/wrstsd.2014.062374

28. Norton TA, Zacher H, Ashkanasy NM. Organisational sustainability policies and employee green behaviour: The mediating role of work climate perceptions. Journal of Environmental Psychology. 2014, 38: 49–54. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2013.12.008

29. Ones DS, Dilchert S. Environmental Sustainability at Work: A Call to Action. Industrial and Organizational Psychology. 2012, 5(4): 444–466. doi: 10.1111/j.1754-9434.2012.01478.x

30. Paillé P, Boiral O. Pro-environmental behavior at work: Construct validity and determinants. Journal of Environmental Psychology. 2013, 36: 118–128. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2013.07.014

31. Paillé P, Raineri N. Linking perceived corporate environmental policies and employees eco-initiatives: The influence of perceived organizational support and psychological contract breach. Journal of Business Research. 2015, 68(11): 2404–2411. doi: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2015.02.021

32. Pham NT, Hoang HT, Phan QPT. Green human resource management: a comprehensive review and future research agenda. International Journal of Manpower. 2019, 41(7): 845–878. doi: 10.1108/ijm-07-2019-0350

33. Ren S, Tang G, E. Jackson S. Green human resource management research in emergence: A review and future directions. Asia Pacific Journal of Management. 2018, 35(3): 769–803. doi: 10.1007/s10490-017-9532-1

34. Renwick DWS, Jabbour CJC, Muller-Camen M, et al. Contemporary developments in Green (environmental) HRM scholarship. The International Journal of Human Resource Management. 2015, 27(2): 114–128. doi: 10.1080/09585192.2015.1105844

35. Rothenberg S. Knowledge Content and Worker Participation in Environmental Management at NUMMI. Journal of Management Studies. 2003, 40(7): 1783–1802. doi: 10.1111/1467-6486.00400

36. Rubel MRB, Rimi NN, Yusliza MY, et al. High commitment human resource management practices and employee service behaviour: Trust in management as mediator. IIMB Management Review. 2018, 30(4): 316–329. doi: 10.1016/j.iimb.2018.05.006

37. Saeed BB, Afsar B, Hafeez S, et al. Promoting employee’s proenvironmental behavior through green human resource management practices. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management. 2018, 26(2): 424–438. doi: 10.1002/csr.1694

38. Sharma R, Gupta N. Green HRM: An innovative approach to environmental sustainability. In Proceeding of the Twelfth AIMS International Conference on Management. 2015. pp. 2–5.

39. Song M, Yang MX, Zeng KJ, et al. Green Knowledge Sharing, Stakeholder Pressure, Absorptive Capacity, and Green Innovation: Evidence from Chinese Manufacturing Firms. Business Strategy and the Environment. 2020, 29(3): 1517–1531. doi: 10.1002/bse.2450

40. Teh PL, Yong CC. Knowledge sharing in IS personnel: organizational behavior’s perspective. Journal of Computer Information System. 2011, 51: 11–21.

41. Vrontis D, Christofi M, Battisti E, et al. Intellectual capital, knowledge sharing and equity crowdfunding. Journal of Intellectual Capital. 2020, 22(1): 95–121. doi: 10.1108/jic-11-2019-0258

42. Yong JY, Yusliza MY, Fawehinmi OO. Green human resource management. Benchmarking: An International Journal. 2019, 27(7): 2005–2027. doi: 10.1108/bij-12-2018-0438

43. Yong JY, Yusliza MY, Jabbour CJC, et al. Exploratory cases on the interplay between green human resource management and advanced green manufacturing in light of the Ability-Motivation-Opportunity theory. Journal of Management Development. 2019, 39(1): 31–49. doi: 10.1108/jmd-12-2018-0355

44. Yusoff YM, Omar MK, Kamarul Zaman MD, et al. Do all elements of green intellectual capital contribute toward business sustainability? Evidence from the Malaysian context using the Partial Least Squares method. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2019, 234: 626–637. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.06.153

45. Zaid AA, Jaaron AAM, Talib Bon A. The impact of green human resource management and green supply chain management practices on sustainable performance: An empirical study. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2018, 204: 965–979. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.09.062

(187 Abstract Views, 148 PDF Downloads)


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Saloni Devi, Babita Yadav, Divya Goel, Sukhmeet Kaur, Sanjay Bhoyar

License URL: